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Bordeaux, France is filled with rich history and, of course, very fine wine!
USA TODAY

Its name is synonymous with fine wine, its history goes back to 300 BC, it’s famous for a local teen who became the queen of both France and England, and some say this is where Parisian architecture came from.

Bordeaux began as an ancient village named Burdigala along the Garonne River in what is today southwest France. It was ruled for centuries by the Celts, the Romans, the English and then finally the French. Its many nicknames over the years include “Little Rome” and “La Belle Endormie” (Sleeping Beauty), because its walls were black with pollution.

Today, Bordeaux is sparkling clean, especially at its front door, the Port de la Lune, or Port of the Moon. The port got its name because the river bends like a crescent moon here. It’s where you’ll find the world’s largest reflection pool, stretching to more than 37,000 square feet. But don’t dive in: It’s only 2 centimeters deep. Miroir d’Eau, built in 2006, is a modern UNESCO World Heritage Site, and lives up to its name: It reflects the beautiful Place de la Bourse, a curved wall of Parisian-style buildings, mimicking the moon-shape of the port. The effect is spectacular.

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Many centuries before Miroir d’Eau, Place de la Bourse was built in the 1700s as a symbol of Bordeaux’s prosperity, and to impress visitors arriving at the port. And impress it does, with glorious harmonious architecture, ornate details, that honey-colored stone and gray slate rooftops that have become synonymous with France. The architect was Ange-Jacques Gabriel, who also happened to design Paris’ Place de la Concorde.

In the center of Place de…